Which Programming Language is Hardest to Learn?

Which Programming Language is Hardest to Learn?

Which Programming Language is Hardest to Learn?

Programming can be one of the most rewarding jobs for many, but at the same time it can also be hair-pulling-ly frustrating too. Poorly written code, a lack of technical documentation or even just old technology can be a few of the main challenges programmers face. When thinking about programming, many people think JavaScript, Python or C# and hear words like React, Vue or Django, but what about the more niche, difficult to learn programming languages? A programming language may be considered more challenging for beginners due to its syntax complexity, low-level nature, or unconventional paradigms. Here are a few programming languages that are commonly regarded as challenging: 

Assembly Language 

Assembly is a low-level programming language that directly corresponds to a computer’s machine code. It requires a deep understanding of computer architecture and can be tedious due to its lack of abstractions. 


While powerful and widely used, C++ has a complex syntax and includes features like pointers and manual memory management, which can be challenging for beginners. 


Rust is known for its focus on memory safety and low-level control, making it challenging for beginners. However, it’s gaining popularity for systems programming due to its performance and safety features. 


Haskell is a functional programming language with a strong type system. It introduces concepts like lazy evaluation and monads, which can be unfamiliar and challenging for those new to functional programming. 


Prolog is a declarative language used for artificial intelligence and symbolic reasoning. Its logic programming paradigm may be quite different from the imperative languages that many beginners are accustomed to. 


Perl is a versatile scripting language, but its syntax can be considered cryptic and less readable, making it challenging for beginners to grasp. 

That’s not to say that other programming languages are not as difficult, but for sure these six have to be up there! It’s important to note that the perceived difficulty of a programming language can vary from person to person. Some individuals may find certain languages easier to learn based on their learning style, background, and the resources available to them. Ultimately, persistence, practice, and choosing the right resources for learning are key factors in overcoming the challenges associated with any programming language.